The Mediterranean Basin is the largest of five regions around the world that constitute, in aggregate, the Mediterranean Woodlands, Forests, and Scrub Biome under a commonly-used global ecological classification system. All of these regions – the Mediterranean Basin itself as well as the similar ecological regions in California, Chile, South Africa, and Australia – face severe ecological degradation, largely because of agricultural practices. Traditional nation-states cannot address this ecological crisis adequately. A new form of political organization – an “Eco-State” – can and should be established for this purpose.
Doing so will require a reorientation of the centuries-old notion of sovereignty, a reorientation that is already underway in some respects. The Mediterranean Biome Eco-State would build on this momentum. It would hold binding authority over all ecological and agricultural aspects of the territories falling within its boundaries, thus exercising a form of blended sovereignty that it would share with other authorities. This essay summarizes some key aspects of such a new Mediterranean Biome Eco-State.
Keyword : Mediterranean, sovereignty, environment, agriculture, international law, eco-state